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Cyber Security: What it is and Why it is Important

Cyber security is the practice of protecting systems, networks, and data from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction. It is a complex and ever-evolving field, as cyber criminals are constantly developing new ways to attack.

Cyber security is important for all organizations, regardless of size or industry. A cyber attack can have a devastating impact on a business, causing financial losses, reputational damage, and even legal liability.

Here are some of the most common types of cyber attacks:

  • Malware: Malware is malicious software that can damage or disable a computer system. It can be spread through email attachments, infected websites, or USB drives.

  • Phishing: Phishing is a type of social engineering attack that attempts to trick users into revealing confidential information, such as passwords or credit card numbers. Phishing attacks are often carried out through email or SMS messages.

  • Ransomware: Ransomware is a type of malware that encrypts a user's files and demands a ransom payment in exchange for the decryption key.

  • Denial-of-service (DoS) attacks: DoS attacks attempt to overload a server or network with traffic, making it unavailable to legitimate users.

  • Man-in-the-middle attacks: Man-in-the-middle attacks intercept communication between two parties and impersonate one of the parties to steal data or modify the communication.

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